|42. Charles Warren
Brown House, 1908
2504 Third St.
Built By: Charles Warren Brown
Charles Warren Brown House, 1908
2504 Third St
Dedication marker in stone
| 2504 Third St. is a quintessential
turn-of-the century California Craftsman - built and occupied by Charles
Warren Brown, a councilman who enjoyed civic affairs. Brown was also a speculator
- buying land and building homes. This home features typical Craftsman
elements such as strongly delineated porch columns, exposed rafters, and
gable motifs. In a novel approach, the windows are large, and placed in
an irregular combination. But, individual design is typical of the California
Craftsman bungalow. This architectural style is the West Coast contribution
to an Arts and Crafts movement, a creative evolution that emphasized hand-crafted
workmanship, natural materials, and a harmony with nature.
The Continental Arts & Crafts Movement began in Europe in the second half of the 19th Century. Arts & Crafts is the generic term for this artistic movement. Art Nouveau refers specifically to the French movement. Jugendstil was the name of the German form, Secession in Austria, Style Moderne in Russia, Gaudi in Spain, Glasgow School and Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Scotland.
At the turn of the 20th century, throughout Europe, utopian artist colonies were funded by wealthy "socialists" dedicated to countering the dehumanizing aspects of the machine age. The movement was meant to counter the excess of the Victorian period by returning to the past when handicrafts displayed the laborer's personal involvement in the work.
European writers who embraced the movement were John Ruskin and William
Morris. These writers heavily influenced American designer Gustav Stickley
- one of the leading North American artists involved in the Arts
and Crafts movement.
The Craftsman bungalow was California’s contribution to the Arts
and Crafts movement. An important factor in the construction of bungalows
was their ability to meet owners' specific needs. To compliment this new
architectural style, a new concept in interior decorating was introduced
to accommodate this modern approach. Architects such as Gustav Stickley,
Frank Lloyd Wright and the Greene Brothers designed the furnishings, the
hardware, and the draperies that went into their homes. Through style
magazines such as The Craftsman and the Ladies Home Journal, the middle
class was introduced to the Craftsman style. Influenced by the Arts and
Crafts Movement, Craftsman style evolved into an American favorite, embraced
by the country for more than a century.